YUM’s health projects are centered in Central Kalimantan and West Java, where there is a desperate need for proper health education and resources. A lack of good healthcare also impacts the economic and social aspects of these communities. YUM’s leadership in disease prevention has led to major milestones particularly in the areas of sanitation, clean water, health promotion and malaria.
In the course of working closely with local communities in Central Kalimantan for more than ten years, the YUM team has become increasingly concerned about the generally poor sanitation conditions that prevail. In Indonesia, a UNICEF/WHO study in 2015 found that 51 million people still practice open defecation.
In 2011, along with a 4-year malaria project in Central Kalimantan, a Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) project helped mobilize poor communities to build their own sanitary system. This project ended with the first Open Defecation Free village in Central Kalimantan.
Another pilot project in 2015 continued this effort and was implemented in 3 villages. This program entailed educational workshops about sanitation at 16 community health posts, cleaning campaigns and the installation of 15 adequate toilet systems. The toilets were designed so as to be able to be constructed by project participants, at a reasonable cost. The toilet design included a sealed septic tank made with pre-cast concrete rings and a reed bed type filtering system.